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Showing posts with label Profile. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Profile. Show all posts

Almas Boby - Profile, Biography


President Shemale Foundation Pakistan
Born: N/A
Profession: Others
Affiliation(s): Shemale Foundation Pakistan
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Almas Boby is President of Shemale Foundation Pakistan.

Tariq Fazal Chaudhry - Profile, Biography


MNA
Born: 06 July 1969
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): PML-N
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Dr Tariq Fazal Chaudhry of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, who represents Bhara Kahu in the national assembly. Biography Dr. Tariq Fazal Chaudhary son of Chaudhary Fazal Dad was born in Islamabad on 6th July 1969. His ancestors were an old settler of present day capital, Islamabad, for the last many generations. He belongs to village Sihana, now part of Chak Shahzad. Early life and Education Dr. Tariq completed his early education up to matric from F G Model School F-8/3, Islamabad, and intermediate in pre-medical from F G Sir Syed College, Mall Road, Rawalpindi. He joined Rawalpindi Medical College and studied there from 1988 to 1993. He did his house job in RGH hospital and worked as a house officer with renowned surgeon, Dr. Musaddiq Khan. He managed his own private hospital in Satellite Town, Rawalpindi for three years and afterwards decided to appear in the CSS exam. Although he passed CSS exam in 1996, but he opted not to pursue his career as a civil servant. Dr. Tariq has been an avid player of football and was part of Rawalpindi Medical College football team. He is also fond of hunting and likes to hunt partridges and ducks and for that purpose he is also keeping pointer dogs. Political Background: His family shares the ideology of Muslim League for the last three generations, from the time of his grand father Haji Sikandar. Therefore he took part in the general elections held in October 2002, on the ticket of PMLn but defeated by Senator Nayyar Hussain Bokhari advocate of PPPP. In 2004 he got elected president of PMLN, federal capital, Islamabad. He also became the member of central working committee (CWC) as well as central parliamentary board of PMLN. In 2005 he helped PMLN to establish its Central Head office at his residence in F-8, Islamabad. He had the honour to host all the ARD and APC meetings in Islamabad during the last two years. He took an active part in the movement for the restoration of judiciary. In 2008 general elections PMLN decided to award NA ticket from NA-49, Islamabad. He is the first ever Member of Parliament in his family.

Mumtaz Bhutto - Profile, Biography


Chairman Sindh National Front Party Born: N/A Profession: Politician Affiliation(s): Sindh National Front Citizenship: Pakistani Views: 15,161 | Comments: 2 | Votes: 4 Rate this Profile: Related Videos Related Videos Top Story - 21st July 2014 Top Story - 21st July 2014 Duration: 00:36:18 | Views: 3,269 Comments: 1 | Votes: 1 On The Front - 17th February 2014 On The Front - 17th February 2014 Duration: 00:39:57 | Views: 4,061 Comments: 0 | Votes: 9 Nuqta e Nazar - 22nd January 2014 Nuqta e Nazar - 22nd January 2014 Duration: 00:33:52 | Views: 5,301 Comments: 0 | Votes: 9 Facing the Nation on Ptv News - 5th May 2013 Facing the Nation on Ptv News - 5th May 2013 Duration: 00:47:29 | Views: 6,657 Comments: 2 | Votes: 9 Sawal Hai Pakistan Ka - 4th May 2013 Sawal Hai Pakistan Ka - 4th May 2013 Duration: 00:28:23 | Views: 5,317 Comments: 10 | Votes: 9 Hai Koi Jawab - 23rd April 2013 Hai Koi Jawab - 23rd April 2013 Duration: 00:36:08 | Views: 6,337 Comments: 1 | Votes: 9 Election Cell 2013 - 20th March 2013 Election Cell 2013 - 20th March 2013 Duration: 00:37:10 | Views: 12,713 Comments: 6 | Votes: 5 Awaam Ki Adalat - 27th January 2013 Awaam Ki Adalat - 27th January 2013 Duration: 00:38:14 | Views: 20,405 Comments: 4 | Votes: 145 Profile Profile Sardar Mumtaz Ali Khan Bhutto (Urdu: سردار ممتاز علی خان بھٹو ) (born 29.11.1933 [1]) is the first cousin of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, chief of the Bhutto clan and chairman of the Sindh National Front and Sindh Qaumi Itehad. Sardar Mumtaz Ali Bhutto was the founding member of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), former federal minister, Governor of Sindh and Chief Minister of Sindh. Early life Sardar Mumtaz Ali Bhutto born on 29 November 1933 in the village of Pir Bux Bhutto district Larkana Sindh, Pakistan. He belongs to a land owning family of Larkana. Before the independence his father honorable Nawab Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto was the member of legislative assembly, and had strong political background. Education Sardar Mumtaz Ali Bhutto attended St George's College in Masoori, India and then Lawrence College, Murree after partition. He got his 'barrister' degree from Lincoln's Inn & undergraduate and 'master' degrees in 1959 from Oxford University United Kingdom. Political career He became a member of National assembly in the age of 32 years on 5 March 1965. When he & his cousin Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced for a new political party 'Pakistan Peoples Party' PPP on 30 March 1967, & he also became the founding member & principal executive committee member of the Party. He & his cousin Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto fought the election of 17 March 1970 against Mr. Ayoub Khuhro & Mr. Qazi Fazalullah. He got a huge victory against Mr. Qazi Fazalullah. His cousin became the 1st democractically elected Prime Minister of Pakistan & he became Governor on 24 December 1971 & then Chief Minister of Sindh Province on 1 May 1972. His P.M. cousin always used to call him, a talented cousin. Chief Minister As a Chief Minister he announced Sindhi language as the official language of the Province. On 7 March 1977 he won a National Assembly seat & became a Central Minister. In the year of 1977 his cousin nominated him as a president of "PPP.Sindh". He was arrested during the struggle against the arrest of his cousin, & then exiled by the dictator General Zia's government. On 31 March 1985 he announced for a new political Alliance named "Sindhi Baloch Pashtoon Front" at London to propagate ethnic nationalism in Pakistan. He also announced support for a new constitutional framework for Pakistan as a weak confederation. He became the convenor of the alliance for Pakistan, returned to Pakistan and once again arrested by the military government of Zia. On 31 March 1989 he called the workers convention at Hyderabad Sindh and announced a new political party named 'Sindh National Front' S.N.F. He was elected to a seat in the provincial assembly from Larkana on 6 October 1993. On 6 November 1996 he became the Chief Minister of Sindh. Now he is the Chairman of S.N.F, which is the largest ethnic nationalist party of Sindh, & also the Chief of the 'Bhutto' community of Pakistan. He has two sons Ameer Bux Bhutto and Ali Haider Bhutto.

Waseem Aftab - Profile, Biography


Member Rabita Committee (MQM)
Born: N/A
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): MQM
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Waseem Aftab is a Member Rabita Committee (MQM).

Senator Sabir Ali Baloch - Profile, Biography


Member of Senate
Born: N/A
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): PPP
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Position: Senator Party Affiliation: PPPP Gender: Male Home Phone: 021-5371383, 0855-621799 Mobile Phone: 0300-3482879 Province: Balochistan Address: i. F-403, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. ii. 209-B, West Wind, Clifton Block-2, Karachi. Committee(s): Standing Committee on Overseas Pakistanis Standing Committee on Postal Services Standing Committee on Local Government and Rural Development Functional Committee on Problems of Less Developed Areas Standing Committee on Petroleum and Natural Resources (Chairman Committee) Achievements: B.A President, District Punjgoor, PPP: (1973-1975) President Makran Division, PPP: (1975-1980) Vice President Balochistan, PPP: (1980-) Member Provincial Assembly (MPA: 1973-1977) Member Provincial Assembly (MPA: 1977-1977) Member Provincial Assembly (MPA: 1988-1990) Minister: (1988-1989)

Palwasha Zai Khan - Profile, Biography



MNA
Born: N/A
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): PPP
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Palwasha Muhammad Zai Constituency No: Punjab,Women Seat Designation: Member of National Assembly Father's Name: D/o Zaqa Ullah Khan Political Affiliation (on whose ticket elected) PPPP Political Party: PPPP Membership of National Assembly Committees Standing Committee on Environment Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs Standing Committee on Youth Affairs

Yasin Malik - Profile, Biography


Chief of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front
Born: 16 July 1968
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): JKLF
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Yasin Malik (Hindi: ????? ?????) is the chairman of one of the two factions of Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front, the chairman for other faction is Farooq Siddiqi (Farooq Papa). The Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), founded by Amanullah Khan and Maqbool Bhat, is a Kashmiri nationalist organization founded in Birmingham, UK on May 29, 1977. Within a couple of years branches were established in several cities and towns of the UK; and also in several countries of Europe, USA and Middle East. In 1982 branches were established in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Pakistan and in 1987 in Indian-administered Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) which shows it essential foreign origin. The organisation, Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front split[1] in two after the senior leaders of the party disagreed with his policy of dealing Kashmir issue on bilateral level with India on the basis as was done in Nagaland, for which he held secret meetings with Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh.[2] He started his movement[3] for separation of Jammu & Kashmir from secular India as an Islamic Nation of Darul Islam while silent on freedom of Pakistan-administered Kashmir. He spent almost 6 years of his life in jail and in interrogations. Yasin Malik originally came to prominence as a Militant Area Commander under the chief commander of Ishfaq Wani of JKLF[4] who was killed in an encounter with Indian army. In 1994, Yasin Malik renounced violence after he was released from jail and thenceforth, he and his organization called for a peaceful method to come to a settlement on the Kashmir Conflict. He supports the return of Kashmiri Hindus back to the valley. Personal life Yasin Malik was born in 1968 in a modest Kashmir household of Maisuma Bazar in the centre of Srinagar. His father was a Government Bus Driver, driving through the toughest routes of the world between Srinagar and Laddakh. He is married to the famous artist Mishal Malik. Mishal, a graduate from the London School of Economics and an artist, is the daughter of Rehana Hussain, chief of the Muslim League (women’s wing). Her father, the late M.A. Hussain Malik, was an internationally renowned Pakistani economist. Yasin Malik met Mushaal during one of his tours to Pakistan two years ago. Militancy Yasin Malik has admitted killing 4 Indian Airforce Personnel. In 1987, he was arrested, taken to an interrogation center for twenty days and then imprisoned for a year under the Public Safety Act. It was during this period that the four core activist member of the JKLF, Ashfaq Majid Wani (The JKLF Chief), Hamid Sheikh, Javid Mir and Yasin Malik met to form the famous HAJY group, an acronym formed of the first letters of their first names. Two members of the HAJY Group Hamid and Ashfaq, were killed during encounter with security forces. Yasin Malik and Javid Mir were caught and imprisoned until 1994. In that year, Malik was released on grounds of ill- health. Soon after his release, he announced a unilateral cease-fire on the part of his party. He has stuck, to this day, to his commitment of reverting to a non-violent struggle. Even since his release in 1994 he has been arrested numerous times by Government and had six attempts made on his life by other terrorists. Yet despite this, he has sought to moderate the militant attitudes of fellow party workers.[6] Meanwhile the years of imprisonment have left him frail. Yasin Malik recently completed two lengthy visits to the United States for health reasons. He undertook campaigns to educate the U.S public and garner support for the cause of Kashmiri struggle. Yasin Malik was arrested in October 1999 by Indian Authorities under the Public Safety Act and was again arrested on March 26, 2002 under the POTA. He was detained for almost a year. In recent times Yasin has had one to one meetings with President of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Prime Minister of India and other world leaders.[7] In 2007 Yasin Malik and his party launched a \campaign known as Safar-i-Azadi (Journey to Freedom).[8] This journey was to create an atmosphere for anti-Indian agitations among public which lasted for one year and during it, Yasin Malik and his colleagues visited about 3500 towns and villages of Kashmir.[9] Stone pelting and sporadic attacks by Muslim majority of Kashmir of security forces have increased hence forth.[10] Some of his prominent party workers include Adv. Bashir Butt, Enj. Ghulam Rasool Dar, Noor Mohammed Kalwal, Showkat Ahmed Bakhshi and Mohammed Hussain Khan Altaf etc. Yasin Malik has Shaheed Maqbool Bhat, Jinnah & Yaser Arafat as his ideals.[11] Yasin has studied only up to 5th standard but claims that most of the studies he has done are self studies done in various jails. He loves poetry of Allama Iqbal and writings of Imam Gazali. He is influenced with the visions of struggle of Che Guevara.[12] In January 2010, asked Kashmiri Pandit migrants to return to their homes in the Kashmir valley.

Kamran Shahid - Profile, Biography


Anchor Person
Born: 22/08/1973
Profession: Journalist, TV Anchor
Affiliation(s): Dunya News
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile About Kamran Shahid is a Pakistani journalist. He is the main news anchor for the TV show Frontline with Kamran Shahid on Express News.Currently He is doing "On the Front with Kamran Shahid " a hard hitting socio- political and Current affairs TV show. He was a guest speaker for the Oxford University Pakistan Society at Oxfordshire County Hall during Pakistan Young Leaders Conference in February 2011. Kamran Shahid was born in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. His father, Shahid, is a Pakistani actor. Biography Started the Journey from GC University Lahore,completed his Masters in Modern History, went to University of Westminster for higher Studies. Returned from UK and Joined GCU as Professor of History. Later he joined Quaid E Azam University Islamabad and Punjab University Lahore He is the author of internationally acknowledged book : Gandhi and the Partition of India.

Dr. Sagheer Ahmed - Profile, Biography


Sindh Provincial Health Minister
Born: 23 November 1972
Profession: Doctor
Affiliation(s): Mutahida Qaumi Movement
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Current Posts Minister: Health Academic Qualifications MBBS : Dow Medical College, Karachi M. Phil : Post Graduation - M.Phil in Biochemistry Profession(s) Doctor Party affiliation Mutahida Quami Movement (See other MPAs of this party) Father''s/Husband''s Name Ekramuddin ahmed Marital Status Unmarried Date of Birth 1972-11-23 Place of Birth Karachi.

Syed Haider Ali Shah - Profile, Biography


MNA
Born: 14 July 1955
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): Awami National Party
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Syed Haider Ali Shah Date of Birth: 14-Jul-55 Place of Birth: Darsamand Constituency No: NA-16,Hangu Designation: Parliamentary Secretary for Industry and Production Father's Name: Syed Gul Badshah Political Affiliation (on whose ticket elected) ANP Political Party: ANP Main Source of Income: Business Occupation: Business Country Visited: Philippine, China Religion: Islam

Dr. Farrukh Saleem - Profile, Biography


Executive Director Center For Research and Security Studies
Born: N/A
Profession: Analyst
Affiliation(s): Center For Research and Security Studies
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Dr. Farrukh Saleem is the Executive Director of Center for Research and Security Studies (CRSS), a newly established (Dec 07) think-tank focusing on Pakistan’s political/economic, security, regional and environmental issues. CRSS is taken to be the first civil society initiative to conduct independent research on various crucial issues facing Pakistan. at present, Dr. Saleem is directing CRSS’s research team researching the curriculum taught in state-run schools. On the culmination of this research exercise, a lobbying effort will be undertaken to convince Pakistan’s new parliament into changing the curricula. In-tandem with the research on curricula, CRSS is occupied arranging a national level review conference on Pakistan’s water security and management practices in March 2008.Dr Saleem was trained in the discipline of finance and has been the Sunday-columnist for The News, Pakistan’s largest English-language daily, for the past 5 years. From 1988-1994, he managed an eight figure equities portfolio invested in the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). In 1996, he covered Pakistan, India and Iran for the Vancouver Sun, Canada’s 2nd Largest English daily. He returned to Pakistan in 1993 and managed the affairs of Dominion Stock Fund Limited (DSFL) as the CEO (DSFL is listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange). Prior to writing for The News, he wrote a weekly column for The Dawn (1996-1999). He has also been a guest columnist for the Hong Kong-based, Far Eastern Economic Review. He is married and lives in Islamabad. He has two daughters and a son.

Liaquat Ali Khan - Profile, Biography


1st Prime Minister of Pakistan Born: N/A Profession: Legislator, Lawyer,Politician Affiliation(s): Muslim League Citizenship: Pakistani Views: 21,621 | Comments: 7 | Votes: 12 Rate this Profile: Profile Profile Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (Liaqat Ali Khan) (Urdu: ????? ??? ???) About this sound listen (help·info) (1 October 1895 – 16 October 1951) was a Pakistani statesman who became the 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan, Defence minister and Commonwealth, Kashmir Affairs.[1] He was also the first Finance Minister of India in the interim government of British India prior to the independence of both India and Pakistan in 1946.[2] Liaquat rose to political prominence as a member of the All India Muslim League. The Nawabzada played a vital role in the independence of India and Pakistan. In 1947, he became the Prime Minister of Pakistan. He is regarded as the right-hand man of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the Muslim League and first Governor-General of Pakistan. Liaquat was given the titles of Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation), and posthumously Shaheed-e-Millat (Martyr of the Nation). Liaquat was a graduate of Aligarh Muslim University, Oxford University and the Middle Temple, London. He rose into prominence within the Muslim League during the 1930s. Significantly, he is credited with persuading Jinnah to return to India, an event which marked the beginning of the Muslim League's ascendancy and paved the way for the Pakistan movement. Following the passage of the Pakistan Resolution in 1940, Liaquat assisted Jinnah in campaigning for the creation of a separate state for Indian Muslims. In 1947, British Raj was divided into the modern-day states of India and Pakistan. Following independence, India and Pakistan came into conflict over the fate of Kashmir. Khan negotiated extensively with India's then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and pushed for the referral of the problem to the United Nations. During his tenure, Pakistan pursued close ties with the United Kingdom and the United States. The aftermath of Pakistan's independence also saw internal political unrest and even a foiled military coup against his government. After Jinnah's death, the Nawabzada assumed a more influential role in the government and passed the Objectives Resolution, a precursor to the Constitution of Pakistan. He was assassinated in 1951. It has been surmised that Said Akbar had been hired by the United States government to assassinate Liaquat Ali Khan because of his earlier repeated refusals to requests made by the then US President Harry S. Truman to persuade Iran into giving contracts for the development of its oil fields to the United States. Early life He was born in the town of Karnal in present-day Haryana, East Punjab, British India, on October 1, 1895, to a land-holding family. His father, Nawab Rustam Ali Khan, possessed the title of Ruken-ud-Daulah, Shamsher Jang and Nawab Bahadur, bestowed by the British Crown. He was one of the few landlords whose property expanded across both eastern Punjab and the United Provinces.[4] Liaquat's mother, Mahmoodah Begum, arranged for his lessons in the Qur'an and Ahadith at home before his formal schooling started. He graduated with a B.Sc. in Political science and Bachelor of Law in 1918 from the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College (later Aligarh Muslim University), Aligarh, and married his cousin, Jehangira Begum, in 1918.[5] After the death of his father, Khan went to England and was awarded a Master's degree in Law and Justice from Oxford University's Exeter College in 1921. While a student at Oxford, he was elected Honorary Treasurer of the Indian Majlis. Thereafter he joined the Inner Temple, one of the Inns of Court in London. He was called to the Bar in 1922. Political career On his return from Britain in 1923, Khan entered politics. In his early life, Liaquat believed in Indian nationalism. His views gradually changed. The Congress leaders asked him to join their party, but he refused and joined the Muslim League in 1923. Under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Muslim League held its annual session in May 1924 in Lahore. The aim of this session was to revive the League. Khan was among those who attended this conference. Khan began his parliamentary career as an elected member of the United Provinces Legislative Council from the rural Muslim constituency of Muzzaffarnagar in 1926. In 1932, he was unanimously elected Deputy President of UP Legislative Council.[4] He remained a member of the UP Legislative Council until 1940, when he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly. He participated actively in legislative affairs. He was one of the members of the Muslim League delegation that attended the National Convention held at Calcutta to discuss the Nehru Report in December 1928.[6] Khan's second marriage was in December 1932. His wife, Begum Ra'ana, was a prominent economist and an educator. She, too, was an influential figure in the Pakistan movement.[7] Following the failure of the Round Table Conferences, Muhammad Ali Jinnah had settled in London and was practicing law before the Privy Council. Pakistan movement When Muhammad Ali Jinnah returned to India, he started to reorganise the Muslim League. In 1936, the annual session of the League met in Bombay. In the open session on 12 April 1936, Jinnah moved a resolution proposing Khan as the Honorary General Secretary. The resolution was unanimously adopted and he held the office till the establishment of Pakistan in 1947.[8] In 1940, Khan was made the deputy leader of the Muslim League Parliamentary party. Jinnah was not able to take active part in the proceedings of the Assembly on account of his heavy political work. It was Khan who stood in his place. During this period, Khan was also the Honorary General Secretary of the Muslim League, the deputy leader of their party, Convenor of the Action Committee of the Muslim League, Chairman of the Central Parliamentary Board and the managing director of the newspaper Dawn.[9] The Pakistan Resolution was adopted in 1940 at the Lahore session of the Muslim League. The same year elections were held for the central legislative assembly which were contested by Khan from the Barielly constituency. He was elected without contest. When the twenty-eighth session of the League met in Madras on 12 April 1941, Jinnah told party members that the ultimate aim was to obtain Pakistan. In this session, Khan moved a resolution incorporating the objectives of the Pakistan Resolution in the aims and objectives of the Muslim League. The resolution was seconded and passed unanimously.[9] In 1945-46, mass elections were held in India and Khan won the Central Legislature election from the Meerut Constituency in the United Provinces. He was also elected Chairman of the League's Central Parliamentary Board. The Muslim League won 87% of seats reserved for Muslims of the South Asia.[10] He assisted Jinnah in his negotiations with the members of the Cabinet Mission and the leaders of the Congress during the final phases of the Freedom Movement and it was decided that an interim government would be formed consisting of members of the Congress, the Muslim League and minority leaders. When the Government asked the Muslim League to send five nominees for representation in the interim government, Khan was asked to lead the League group in the cabinet. He was given the portfolio of finance.[11] The other four men nominated by the League were Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar, Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Abdur Rab Nishtar, and Jogendra Nath Mandal.[12] By this point, the British government and the Indian National Congress had both accepted the idea of Pakistan and therefore on 14 August 1947, Pakistan came into existence. Prime Minister After independence, the Nawabzada was appointed the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The new Dominion of Pakistan faced a number of difficulties in its early days. Liaquat and Jinnah were determined to stop the riots and refugee problems and to set up an effective administrative system for the country. Liaquat established the groundwork for Pakistan's foreign policy. He also took steps towards the formulation of the constitution. He presented The Objectives Resolution, a prelude to future constitutions, in the Legislative Assembly. The house passed it on 12 March 1949. It has been described as the "Magna Carta" of Pakistan's constitutional history.[13] Khan called it "the most important occasion in the life of this country, next in importance, only to the achievement of independence". Under his leadership a team also drafted the first report of the Basic Principle Committee and work began on the second report. Liaqat Ali Khan with the last ruling Mir of Khayrpur, H.H. George Ali Murad Khan. During his tenure, India and Pakistan agreed to resolve the dispute of Kashmir in a peaceful manner through the efforts of the United Nations. According to this agreement a ceasefire was effected in Kashmir on January 1, 1949. It was decided that a free and impartial plebiscite would be held under the supervision of the UN.[14] After the death of Jinnah, the problem of religious minorities flared during late 1949 and early 1950, and observers feared that India and Pakistan were about to fight their second war in the first three years of their independence. At this time, Khan met Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact in 1950. The pact was an effort to improve relations and reduce tension between India and Pakistan, and to protect the religious minorities on both sides of the border.[15] In May 1950, Liaquat visited the United States after being persuaded to snap ties with the Soviet Union and set the course of Pakistan's foreign policy towards closer ties with the West.[16] An important event during his premiership was the establishment of National Bank of Pakistan in November 1949, and the installation of a paper currency mill in Karachi.[17] In January 1951, Liaquat appointed General Ayub Khan as the first Pakistani commander-in-chief of the army with the retirement of the British commander, General Sir Douglas Gracey. In the same year, an attempted coup was launched against the government by senior military leaders and prominent socialist. General Akbar Khan, chief of general staff, was arrested along with 14 other army officers for plotting the coup. The Rawalpindi Conspiracy, as it became known, was the first attempted coup in Pakistan's history. The arrested conspirators were tried in secret and given lengthy jail sentences. Assassination and Death On 16 October 1951, Khan was shot twice in the chest during a public meeting of the Muslim City League at Company Bagh (Company Gardens), Rawalpindi. The police immediately shot the assassin who was later identified as Saad Akbar Babrak. Khan was rushed to a hospital and given a blood transfusion, but he succumbed to his injuries. The exact motive behind the assassination has never been fully revealed.[19] Saad Akbar Babrak was an Afghan national and a professional assassin from Hazara.[20][21] He was known to the police prior to the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan. Upon his death, Khan was given the honorific title of "Shaheed-e-Millat", or "Martyr of the Nation". He was buried in the same manner (tomb) as Jinnah.[22] The Municipal Park, where he was assassinated, was renamed Liaquat Bagh (Bagh means park) in his honour. It is the same location where Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007. Criticism and legacy Khan has received criticism from the left wing in Pakistan for his pro-Western foreign policies and the restrictions placed on the Communist Party of Pakistan. At the time of his death, the extreme leftist press, such as the Communist Swadhinata, stated: "Liaquat's death only reflects inevitable disaster that overtakes policy of playing lackey to Anglo-American Powers."[24] He was further criticised for not visiting the Soviet Union, whereas he did go the United States. This was perceived as a rebuff to Moscow, and has been traced to profound adverse consequences, including Soviet help to India, most prominently in the 1971 war which ultimately led to the separation of Bangladesh. Others argue that Khan had wanted Pakistan to remain neutral in the Cold War, as declared three days after Pakistan's independence when he declared that Pakistan would take no sides in the conflict of ideologies between the nations.[25] Former serviceman Shahid M. Amin has argued that the Soviets themselves could not settle convenient dates for a visit, and that, even during his visit to the United States, Liaquat had declared his intention to visit the Soviet Union.[26] Amin also notes that "Failure to visit a country in response to its invitations has hardly ever become the cause of long-term estrangement.[27] In Pakistan, Khan is regarded as Jinnah's “right hand man” and heir apparent. His role in filling in the vacuum created by Jinnah’s death is seen as decisive in tackling critical problems during Pakistan’s fledgling years and in devising measures for the consolidation of Pakistan. His face is printed on postage stamps across the country. Khan was portrayed by Pakistani actor Shakeel in the 1998 film Jinnah.

Junaid Khan: Biography Profile



Junaid Khan: Pakistani model, actor and singer.

Junaid Khan Biography and Profile

Name: Junaid Khan
Date of Birth: November 2,1981
Place of Birth:Karachi
Education: MBA
Institute: Imperial College in Lahore
Religion: Islam
Status: Married

Junaid started her career with singing. He joined the Call group in year 2005. The band collaborated with Bollywood and released a few tracks 'Laari Chooti', 'Dharke Jia' and 'Ye Pal' which were well appreciated amongst the masses of the country. Band also work with different brands like Warid Pakistan and Pepsi, Unilever Walls and released songs like 'Kal Hamara He', 'Hum Se He Ye Zamana', 'Hojaane De' with them.

His first solo track was So close So distant in 2012. He won Indus music award for best debut artist and Indus music awards for best Rock song in year 2005. He also won The music award for best band in the year 2006.

He debuted his television career with a sitcom Kabhi Na Kabhi from HUM TV in the year 2010. He got actual fame from Mata e Jan Hai tu, Mujhe Roothnay Na Dana and Yahan Piyaar Nahi hai. He has also worked in Kabhi Na Kabhi, Dil Ki LAgi, Mujhe Rothnay Na Daina, Yahan Piyar Nahi Hai, Mata e Jaan Hai Tu, Madiha Maliha, Kadoorat and many more. His dramas Rasam and Janay Kyon are currently airing on different television channels.



Maliha Lodhi - Profile , Biography


Former Ambassador To The United States
Born: N/A
Profession: Journalists/Columnists
Affiliation(s): Jang Group
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Dr. Maleeha Lodhi is a journalist, academic, and diplomat from Pakistan. She was the high commissioner of Pakistan to the United Kingdom, and a former ambassador to the United States. In the Fall of 2008 she was a Resident Fellow at the Institute of Politics, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. She has also been a member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament. Born in Lahore, Pakistan, Dr. Maleeha got her School education in Lahore and Rawalpindi. After her B.Sc. in Government from the LSE, Ms. Lodhi obtained a Ph.D. in 1980 from the London School of Economics (LSE). Began with teaching for a short while at the Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, she then taught at LSE for five years (1980–1985), before returning to Pakistan to work for and then edit the English language newspaper The Muslim (1987–1990) and later to become the founding editor of The News International (1990–1993) and (1997–1999). She became the first woman in Asia to edit a national daily newspaper. She became the Pakistani Ambassador to the US, under two different Presidents from 1994–1997 and then during 1999-2002 (in the process becoming Pakistan's longest ever serving Ambassador to the US) before relinquishing her post on the completion of her second tour of duty. Since 2001 she has also served on the UN Secretary General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Affairs and continues to do so while holding the post of Pakistan's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (2003–2008). Recipient of the 2002 Hilal-e-Imtiaz Presidential award for public service, she is the author of two essay collections, Pakistan’s Encounter with Democracy and The External Challenge (Vanguard and Lahore Jang Publications, 1994). In 1994, Time magazine cited Dr Lodhi as one of 100 global pacesetters and leaders who would define the 21st century, and the only person from Pakistan in the list.

Bushra Gohar - Profile , Biography


MNA NA-322,Women NWFP - I
Born: N/A
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): Awami National Party
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Ms. Bushra Gohar is the Central Vice President of the Awami National Party (ANP), Pakistan and was elected as a Member of Parliament on reserved seats for women in the Pakistan’s 2008 National elections. She was elected as the chair of the National Assembly’s Standing Committee on Women’s Development in 2009 and is a member of the Working Council of the Women Parliamentary Caucus. She is also a member of the National Assembly’s Standing Committees on Finance and Revenue, Interior and Kashmir Affairs. Ms. Gohar has a Master of Science in Human Resources Management from USA, with over 19 years experience in policy design and influence, development design and plans, projects evaluation and in implementing human rights and development programmes in Pakistan and the region. She has been a member of the National Commission on the Status of Women (NCSW), National Council on Social Welfare, Chair of the South Asia Partnership-International (SAP-I), Regional and Global Vice President of the International Council of Social Welfare (ICSW) and a member of a number of Provincial and Federal Government’s advisory committees on women and children’s rights. She has represented the civil society and the Government of Pakistan in the United Nations and other International forums on several occasions. During the course of her professional career, Ms. Gohar has had the opportunity to work with a number of local and International NGOs and donor agencies on a number of large multi sector projects.

Khawaja Izhar ul Hassan - Profile, Biography


Advisor to CM
Born: 26 October 1971
Profession: Business Person
Affiliation(s): MQM
Citizenship: Pakistani Live in Karachi

Profile Khawaja Izhar ul Hassan is The Son Of Khawaja Noor ul Hassan.

Riaz Khokhar - Profile , Biography


Former Foreign Secretary Pakistan
Born: N/A
Profession: Foreign Secretary
Affiliation(s): others
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Riaz Hussain Khokhar (Urdu: ???? ??? ???) is the former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan serving from June 2002 to February 2005, when he was replaced by Riaz Mohammad Khan. Khokhar also served as Pakistan's ambassador to India (1992-1997), the United States (1997-1999) and China (1999-2002) before leading the top post of foreign ministry. Riaz Khokar and the Indian ambassador to the United States were both interviewed by Michael Moore to highlight the fact that both countries have levels of extreme poverty yet spend 60% or more of their budget's on defence related assets and programmes which in turn will become obsolete anyway.

Senator Ilyas Ahmed Blour - Profile , Biography


Member Of Senate Born: 09 January 1940 Profession: Politician Affiliation(s): Awami National Party Citizenship: Pakistani Views: 11,817 | Comments: 3 | Votes: 1 Rate this Profile: Related Videos Related Videos Apna Apna Gareban - 18th May 2014 Apna Apna Gareban - 18th May 2014 Duration: 00:45:01 | Views: 6,173 Comments: 3 | Votes: 25 Table Talk - 22nd April 2014 Table Talk - 22nd April 2014 Duration: 00:41:46 | Views: 1,413 Comments: 0 | Votes: 9 D Chowk - 12th April 2014 D Chowk - 12th April 2014 Duration: 00:33:09 | Views: 2,357 Comments: 1 | Votes: 1 Live With Talat - 14th February 2014 Live With Talat - 14th February 2014 Duration: 00:29:04 | Views: 5,509 Comments: 0 | Votes: 17 Mazrat Kay Sath - 28th January 2014 Mazrat Kay Sath - 28th January 2014 Duration: 00:36:22 | Views: 2,389 Comments: 6 | Votes: 5 Belaag - 27th January 2014 Belaag - 27th January 2014 Duration: 00:29:33 | Views: 4,133 Comments: 0 | Votes: 5 Faisla Awam Ka - 4th December 2013 Faisla Awam Ka - 4th December 2013 Duration: 00:36:28 | Views: 3,313 Comments: 16 | Votes: 5 Aakhir Kyun - 23rd September 2013 Aakhir Kyun - 23rd September 2013 Duration: 00:31:02 | Views: 4,865 Comments: 0 | Votes: 9 Profile Profile Position: Senator Gender: Male Home Phone: 0521-212649 Province: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Address: House No. 1, Rehman Baba Road, Bilour Kore, University Town, Peshawar. Details: A widely travelled business executive) Mr. Ilyas Ahmed Bilour was born in Peshawar on 9 January, 1940. After having his early education from Peshawar, he earned a Bachelor's Degree from Karachi University. He started his political career by joining the National Awami Party and continued to be its member till it was banned in 1975. Later on he joined the ANP and presently holds the membership of the Provincial General Body of the ANP as well as that of its Central General Body. Mr. Ilyas Bilour's interest led him to participate in the field of commerce and industry. He has been holding important representative offices in various Chambers of Commerce and Industry since 1969. He has a long association spread over a period of thirty years with trade, commerce and industry and has been the President Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, M.C. Member of the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry Karachi and President of the Sarhad Chamber of Commerce and Industry Peshawar. He got the opportunity to make indepth study of the problems faced by these sectors and also has the will and potential to contribute towards the indus-trialisation programmes both at the national as well as the regional levels. His interest in ameliorating the lot of the people through industrial, commercial and trade activity led him to opt for the membership of the Parliament of Pakistan. He has visited almost all the countries of the world except Israel and USSR. He was elected as a member of the Senate of Pakistan in March 1994 on a six- year term. He is member of the Senate Standing Committees on Commerce, Finance and Economic Affairs and Water and Power. Achievements: MBA (Marketing) 2001 BA 1969 FA 1961 SSC (Matric) 1957 a. Elected as Technocrat member of Senate of Pakistan (2003-2006). b. President of FPCCI from 12.3.96 to 12.9.98. c. Elected President Indo Pak Chamber of Commerce and Industry. d. Chairman ECO Chamber of Commerce and Industry. e. Vice President Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry. f. Chairman Pak Asia Business Council. g. Life Member SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry etc.

Engineer Malik Rashid Ahmed Khan - Profile , Biography


Member of Senate
Born: N/A
Profession: Politician
Affiliation(s): IND
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Position: Senator Party Affiliation: IND Gender: Male Home Phone: 051-9206635 Mobile Phone: 0300-5926202, 0302-8358090, 0333-5553666 Fax: 051-9202494 Province: FATA Address: J-110, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. Committee(s): Standing Committee on States and Frontier Regions Standing Committee on Cabinet Secretariat and Inter Provincial Coordination Standing Committee on Privatization Standing Committee on Population Welfare Standing Committee on Narcotics Control (Chairman Committee) Details: Tenure = March 2009 to March 2015 Achievements: B.E.(Civil)

Pervez Musharraf - Profile , Biography


Former President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Born: 11 August 1943
Profession: Ex-Pak army Personnel, All Pakistan Muslim League (2010–present)
Affiliation(s): All Pakistan Muslim League
Citizenship: Pakistani

Profile Pervez Musharraf, (born 11 August 1943) was Pakistan's Army Chief and 10th President. He led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled Pakistan as Chief Executive from 1999–2001 and as President from 2001-08. In the face of likely impeachment, he resigned on 18 August 2008. After years of military service, he rose to prominence when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif appointed him Army Chief in October 1998. He was the strategic mastermind behind the failed Kargil infiltration. After months of contentious relations, he took power through a bloodless military coup on Sharif's democratically elected government. As Pakistan's head of state, he was a U.S. ally in the War on Terror. He was credited with the development of Pakistan's economy during the early years of his rule. His limited popularity suffered after his suspension of the Supreme Court Chief Justice, the Lal Masjid siege. His attempt to institute emergency rule failed as calls for his impeachment escalated. The return of Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif from exile fast-tracked the nation towards parliamentary democracy ending Musharraf's reign. In February 2011, a Pakistani court issued an arrest warrant for him because of his alleged involvement in assassination of Benazir Bhutto. As of June 2011, he lives in self-exile in London but has vowed to return for the next election. Early life He was born on 11 August 1943 in Delhi of Uttar Pradesh, British India.He is the son of Syed and Zarin Musharraf. Syed graduated from Aligarh Muslim University and was a civil servant for the British.Zarin was born in the early 1920s. His home was called neharwali haveli, literally "mansion by the canal". The home is so large that it housed eight different families in 2001. The home was located in the epicenter of India's ruling Mughal elite. Syed Ahmed Khan's family lived adjacent to the home. The home's title deeds were written entirely in Urdu except for his father's English signature. Pakistan and Turkey He and his family left for Pakistan on one of the last safe trains in 1947 a few days before the partition of India. His father worked for Pakistani government and eventually joined the Foreign Ministry. In his autobiography Line of Fire, he elaborates on his first experience with death was after falling off a mango tree. His family moved to Ankara after his father's diplomatic deputation was sent by Pakistan to Turkey in 1949. He learned to speak Turkish. He had a dog named Whiskey that gave him a "lifelong love for dogs". He often played sports in his youth. He left Turkey in 1956. He returned to Pakistan in 1957. He attended Saint Patrick's School in Karachi and Forman Christian College in Lahore. Initial military career In 1961, he entered the Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul. He joined the Pakistan Army in 1964 and was placed in an artillery regiment. Indo-Pakistani conflicts (1965-1971) His first battlefield experience was with his artillery regiment in the intense fighting for Khemkaran sector in the Second Kashmir War. He also participated in the Lahore and Sialkot war zones during the conflict. During the war, Musharraf developed a reputation for sticking to his post under shellfire. He received the Imtiazi Sanad medal for gallantry. Shortly after the end of the War of 1965, he joined the elite Special Service Group (SSG). He served in the SSG from 1966-1972. He was promoted to captain and to major during this period. During the War of 1971, he led an infantry division and a strikes corps. During the war, he also was a company commander of a commando battalion. Various military posts (1972-1990) Musharraf was a colonel in 1974 and a lieutenant colonel in 1978. As staff officer in the 1980s, he studied and taught at Command and Staff College and National Defense College. He did not play any significant role in Pakistan's proxy war in the 1979-89 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. In 1987, he became a brigade commander of a new division of the SSG near Siachen Glacier. In September 1987, he launched an assault at Bilafond La before being pushed back. In 1990, he studied at the Royal College of Defense Studies in Britain. While in the Army, he earned the nickname "Cowboy" for his westernized ways. Director-General (1991-1995) In 1991, he became major general and worked closely with the Army Chief of Staff as Director-General of Military Operations. Musharraf proposed a Kargil infiltration to Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto but she rebuffed the plan. After the collapse of the fractious Afghan government, Musharraf assisted General Babar and the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in devising a policy of supporting the newly-formed Taliban in the Afghan civil war against the Northern Alliance government. His last military field posting was at the Mangla border region in 1995 as a lieutenant-general commander. Army Chief of Staff In October 1998, General Jehangir Karamat was forced to resign as Army Chief of Staff for advocating the creation of a National Security Council with an active military role. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif personally promoted Musharraf to replace Karamat. Kargil Conflict The Pakistan Army originally conceived the Kargil plan after the Siachen conflict but the plan was rebuffed repeatedly by senior civilian and military officials. Musharraf was a leading strategist behind the Kargil Conflict. From March–May 1999, he ordered the secret infiltration of Kashmiri forces in the Kargil district. After India discovered the infiltration, a fierce Indian offensive nearly lead to a full-scale war.However, Sharif withdrew support of the insurgents in the border conflict in July because of heightened international pressure.Sharif's decision antagonized the Pakistan Army and rumors of a possible coup began emerging soon afterward. Sharif and Musharraf dispute on who was responsible for the Kargil conflict and Pakistan's withdrawal. Chief Executive Military officials from Musharraf's Joint Chief of Staff met with regional corps commanders three times in late September in anticipation of a possible coup. To quiet rumors of a fallout between Musharraf and Sharif, Sharif officially certified Musharraf's remaining two years of his term on September 30. Musharraf had left for a weekend trip to take part in Sri Lanka's Army's 50th-anniversary celebrations. After hearing news of his possible sacking, Musharraf rushed on Pakistan International Airlines flight from Colombo to Karachi on October 12. The military had already begun to mobilize troops towards Islamabad from nearby Rawalpindi. Sharif formally declared Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) Director Khwaja Ziauddin to replace Musharraf as Army Chief on national television at the Aiwan-e-Sadr presidential palace. The military placed Sharif under house arrest, but in a last ditch effort Sharif privately ordered Karachi air traffic controllers to redirect Musharraf's flight to Nawabshah where Sharif's own security team were ready to put Musharraf in custody. The plan failed after soldiers in Karachi surrounded the airport control tower. At 2:50 AM on October 13, Musharraf addressed the nation with a pre-recorded message. Musharraf met with President Rafiq Tarar on October 13 to deliberate on legitimizing the coup. On October 15, Musharraf ended emerging hopes of a quick transition to democracy after he declared state of emergency, suspended the Constitution, and assumed power as Chief Executive. He also quickly purged the government of political enemies, notably Ziauddin and national airline chief Shaheed Kahkan Abbassi.[30] On October 17, he gave his second national address and established a seven-member military-civilian council to govern the country. He named three retired military officers and a judge as provincial administrators on October 21. There were no organized protests within the country to the coup. The coup was widely criticized by the international community. Consequently, Pakistan was suspended from the Commonwealth of Nations. Sharif was put under house arrest and later exiled to Saudi Arabia. First days Musharraf's first foreign visit was to Saudi Arabia on October 26 where he met with King Fahd. After meeting senior Saudi royals, the next day he went to Medina and performed Umrah in Mecca. On October 28, he went to United Arab Emirates before returning home. In early November 1999, he released details of his assets to the public. In March 2000, Musharraf banned political rallies. Sharif trial and exile The army held him under house arrest at a government guesthouse and opened his Lahore home to the public in late October 1999. Sharif was formally indicted in November on charges of hijacking, kidnapping, attempted murder, and treason for preventing Musharraf's flight from landing at Karachi airport on the day of the coup. His trial began in early March 2000 in an anti-terrorism court, which are designed for speedy trials. He testified Musharraf began preparations of a coup after the Kargil conflict. His leading defense lawyer, Iqbal Raad, was shot dead in Karachi in mid-March. Sharif's defense team blamed the military for intentionally providing their lawyers with inadequate protection. The court proceedings were widely accused of being a show trial. Sharif and his family were exiled to Saudi Arabia in December 2000. Constitutional changes Shortly after Musharraf's takeover, he issued The Oath of Judges Order 2000, which required judges to take a fresh oath of office swearing allegiance to military. On 12 May 2000, the Supreme Court asked Musharraf to hold national elections by 12 October 2002. The residing President Rafiq Tarar remained in office until June 2001. Musharraf formally appointed himself President on 20 June 2001. In August 2002, he issued the Legal Framework Order, which added numerous amendments to the 1973 Constitution. In October 2002, Pakistan held elections which the pro-Musharraf PML-Q won wide margins. The PML-Q and MQM formed a coalition and legitimized Musharraf's rule. Presidency Musharraf allied with the United States against the Taliban government in Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks. He claims in his 2006 memoirs he was given an ultimatum after military threats "to go back to the Stone Age" by U.S. President George W. Bush through Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage and Secretary of State Colin Powell. Busha and Armitage denied it. Musharraf agreed to give the United States the use of three airbases for Operation Enduring Freedom. In return for his support on the War on Terror Musharraf was among the 194 candidates nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004. A few months after September 11, Musharraf gave a speech against Islamic extremism. He instituted prohibitions on foreign students' access to studying Islam within Pakistan, an effort which began as an outright ban but was later reduced to restrictions on obtaining visas. On 18 September 2005, Musharraf made a speech before a broad based audience of Jewish leadership, sponsored by the American Jewish Congress's Council for World Jewry, in New York City. In the speech, he denounced terrorism and opened the door to relationships between Pakistan and Israel. He was widely criticized by Middle Eastern leaders, but was met with some praise among Jewish leadership. Relations with India After the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, Musharraf expressed his sympathies to Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and sent a plane load of relief supplies to India. In the mid-2004, Musharraf began a series of talks with India to resolve the Kashmir dispute. Relations with Saudi Arabia In 2006, King Abdullah visited Pakistan for the first time as King. Musharraf honored King Abdullah with the Nishan-e-Pakistan. Musharraf received the King Abdul-Aziz Medallion in 2007. Nuclear proliferation As President, General Musharraf had promoted Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan as his Science Advisor. One of the most widely-reported controversies during Musharraf's administration arose as a consequence of the disclosure of nuclear proliferation by Dr. Khan, a national hero known as the father of Pakistan's nuclear program. Musharraf has denied knowledge of or participation by Pakistan or the Pakistan Army. He has faced bitter domestic criticism for singularly attempting to vilify Khan. Khan has been pardoned in exchange for cooperation in the investigation, but was put under house arrest. After Musharraf's resignation, Dr. Khan was finally released from house arrest by the executive order of Supreme Court of Pakistan. Corruption issues When Musharraf came to power in 1999, he claimed that the corruption in the government bureaucracy would be cleaned up. According to a survey conducted by Transparency International Pakistan ranked in 2001 as the world's 11th most corrupt nation. In 2007, Pakistan ranked as the 41st most corrupt nation. Domestic politics In December 2003, Musharraf made a deal with Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, a six-member coalition of Islamic parties, agreeing to leave the army by 31 December 2004. With that party's support, pro-Musharraf legislators were able to muster the two-thirds supermajority required to pass the Seventeenth Amendment, which retroactively legalized Musharraf's 1999 coup and many of his decrees. In late 2004, Musharraf went back on his agreement with the MMA and pro-Musharraf legislators in the Parliament passed a bill allowing Musharraf to keep both offices. Constitution Article 63 clause (1) paragraph (d), read with proviso to Article 41 clause (7) paragraph (b), allows the President to hold dual office. On 1 January 2004, Musharraf had won a confidence vote in the Electoral College of Pakistan, consisting of both houses of Parliament and the four provincial assemblies. Musharraf received 658 out of 1170 votes, a 56% majority, but many opposition and Islamic members of parliament walked out to protest the vote. As a result of this vote, his term was extended to 2007. Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali resigned on 26 June 2004, after losing the support of the PML(Q). His resignation was at least partially due to his public differences with the party chairman, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain. This was rumored to have happened at Musharraf's command. Jamali had been appointed with the support of Musharraf's and the pro-Musharraf PML(Q). Most PML(Q) parliamentarians formerly belonged to the Pakistan Muslim League party led by Sharif, and most ministers of the cabinet were formerly senior members of other parties, joining the PML(Q) after the elections upon being offered positions. Musharraf nominated Shaukat Aziz, the minister for finance and a former employee of Citibank[70] and head of Citibank Private Banking as the new prime minister. Women's rights The National Assembly voted in favor of the “Women's Protection Bill” on 15 November 2006 and the Senate approved it on 23 November 2006. President General Pervez Musharraf signed into law the “Women's Protection Bill”, on 1 December 2006. The bill places rape laws under the penal code and allegedly does away with harsh conditions that previously required victims to produce four male witnesses and exposed the victims to prosecution for adultery, if they were unable to prove the crime. However, the Women's Protection bill has been criticized heavily by many for paying continued lip service and failing to address the actual problem by its roots: repealing the Hudood Ordinance. In this context, Musharraf has also been criticized by women and human rights activists for not following up his words by action. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) said that "The so-called Women's Protection Bill is a farcical attempt at making Hudood Ordinances palatable" outlining the issues of the bill and the continued impact on women. His government increased reserved seats for women in assemblies, to increase women's representation and make their presence more effective. Compared with 1988 seats in the National Assembly were increased from 20 to 60. In provincial assemblies 128 seats were reserved for women. This situation has brought out increase participation of women for 1988 and 2008 elections. In March 2005, a couple of months after the rape of a Pakistani physician, Dr. Shazia Khalid, working on a government gas plant in the remote Baluchistan province, Musharraf was criticized for pronouncing, Captain Hammad, a fellow military man and the accused in the case, innocent before the judicial inquiry was complete. Following the rape, riots erupted in the local Bugti clan of the province, where the rape took place. They saw a rape in their heartland as being a breach of their code of honour and attacked the gas plant. In an uncompromising response Musharraf sent tanks, helicopters and an extra 4,500 soldiers to guard the installation. If the tribesmen failed to stop shooting, he warned on television, "they will not know what hit them". Shazia was later forced and threatened by the government to leave the country. In an interview to the Washington Post in September 2005 Musharraf said that Pakistani women, who were the victims of rape, treated rape as a "moneymaking concern" and were only interested in the publicity in order to make money and get a Canadian visa. He subsequently denied making these comments, but the Washington Post made available an audio recording of the interview, in which Musharraf could be heard making the quoted remarks. Musharraf also denied Mukhtaran Mai, a Pakistani rape victim, the right to travel abroad, until pressured by US State Department. The remarks made by Musharraf sparked outrage and protests both internationally and in Pakistan by various groups i.e. women groups, activists. In a rally, held close to the presidential palace and Pakistan's parliament, hundreds of women demonstrated in Pakistan demanding Musharraf apologize for the controversial remarks about female rape victims. Assassination attempts In 2000 Kamran Atif, an alleged member of Harkat-ul Mujahideen al-Alami, tried to assassinate Musharraf. Atif was sentenced to death in 2006 by an Anti Terrorism Court. On 14 December 2003, Musharraf survived an assassination attempt when a powerful bomb went off minutes after his highly-guarded convoy crossed a bridge in Rawalpindi. It was the third such attempt during his four-year rule. On 25 December 2003, two suicide bombers tried to assassinate Musharraf, but their car bombs failed to kill him; 16 others died instead. Musharraf escaped with only a cracked windscreen on his car. Amjad Farooqi was an alleged mastermind behind these attempts, and was killed by Pakistani forces in 2004 after an extensive manhunt. On 6 July 2007, there was another attempted assassination, when an unknown group fired a 7.62 submachine gun at Musharraf's plane as it took off from a runway in Rawalpindi. Security also recovered 2 anti-aircraft guns, from which no shots had been fired. On 17 July 2007, Pakistani police detained 39 people in relation to the attempted assassination of Musharraf. The suspects were detained at an undisclosed location by a joint team of Punjab Police, the Federal Investigation Agency and other Pakistani intelligence agencies. On 8 October 2007, a military helicopter escorting President Musharraf, on his visit to the earthquake-affected areas on its second anniversary, crashed near Muzaffarabad, killing four people, including a brigadier. The Puma helicopter crashed at Majohi near Garhi Dupatta in Azad Kashmir at 11:15 am due to technical fault. Those killed included Brigadier Zahoor Ahmed, Naik Ajmal, Sepoy Rashid and PTV cameraman Muhammad Farooq, while President’s Media Advisor Maj Gen (R) Rashid Qureshi sustained injuries. Twelve people were on board the helicopter. Fall from Presidency By August 2007, polls showed 64 percent of Pakistanis did not want another Musharraf term. Controversies involving the atomic issues, Lal Masjid incident, unsuccessful operation in West, suspension of famed Chief Justice, and widely circulated criticisms from rivals, Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif, had brutalized the personal image of Musharraf in public and political circles. More importantly, with Shaukat Aziz departing from the office of Prime Minister, Musharraf could not sustained his presidency any longer and dramatically fell from the presidency within a matter of eight months, after popular and mass public movements successfully called for his impeachment for the actions taken during his presidency. Suspension and reinstatement of the Chief Justice On 9 March 2007, Musharraf suspended Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and pressed corruption charges against him. He replaced him with ally Acting Chief Justice Javed Iqbal. Musharraf's moves sparked protests among Pakistani lawyers. On 12 March 2007, lawyers started a campaign called Judicial Activism across Pakistan and began boycotting all court procedures in protest against the suspension. In Islamabad, as well as other cities such as Lahore, Karachi, and Quetta hundreds of lawyers dressed in black suits attended rallies, condemning the suspension as unconstitutional. Slowly the expressions of support for the ousted Chief Justice gathered momentum and by May, protesters and opposition parties took out huge rallies against Musharraf and his tenure as army chief was also challenged in the courts. Lal Masjid siege Lal Masjid had a religious school for women and the Jamia Hafsa madrassa, which was attached to the mosque. A male madrassa was only a few minutes drive away. The mosque often attended by prominent politicians including prime ministers, army chiefs, and presidents. The Lal Masjid administration had been in an escalating conflict with government authorities since January 2007. Government officials accused the mosque leadership of organising a vigilante "vice-squad" which conducted raids against brothels, kidnappings of corrupt police officers, and suspected prostitutes. In early 2007 students at the Red Mosque's two affiliated seminaries launched a campaign for Shari'a, occupying a nearby children's library and embarking on vigilante raids through the capital to stop what they called "un-Islamic activities," such as DVD vendors, barber shops and a Chinese-run massage parlor that they accused of being a brothel. In April 2007, the mosque administration set up its own Islamic court in violation of government sanctions. In July 2007, a confrontation occurred when government authorities sent officers for demolition of the mosque under the pretense that it was created illegally. This development led to a standoff between police forces and students (mostly female). Mosque leaders and students refused to leave the mosque and the children's library. They remained within the mosque to prevent the demolition. The situation was only defused after the authorities backed down and offered talks. But government forces did not back down. Pakistani troops stormed the building which led to a bloody siege that ended with the deaths of more than 100 people. Return of Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif Also on 8 August 2007, Benazir Bhutto spoke about her secret meeting with Musharraf on 27 July, in an interview on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. On 14 September 2007, Deputy Information Minister Tariq Azim stated that Bhutto won't be deported, but must face corruption suits against her. He clarified Sharif's and Bhutto's right to return to Pakistan. Bhutto returned from eight years exile on 18 October. On 17 September 2007, Bhutto accused Musharraf's allies of pushing Pakistan to crisis by refusal to restore democracy and share power. Musharraf called for a three-day mourning period after Bhutto's assassination on 27 December 2007. Sharif returned to Pakistan in September 2007, and was immediately arrested and taken into custody at the airport. He was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Saudi intelligence chief Muqrin bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud and Lebanese politician Saad Hariri arrived separately in Islamabad on 8 September 2007, the former with a message from Saudi King Abdullah and the latter after a meeting with Nawaz Sharif in London. After meeting President General Pervez Musharraf for two-and-a-half hours discussing Nawaz Sharif's possible return.[135] On arrival in Saudi Arabia, Nawaz Sharif was received by Prince Muqrin bin Abdul-Aziz, the Saudi intelligence chief, who had met Musharraf in Islamabad the previous day. That meeting had been followed by a rare press conference, at which he had warned that Sharif should not violate the terms of King Abdullah's agreement of staying out of politics for 10 years. Resignation from the Army On 2 October 2007, Musharraf named Lt. Gen. Ashfaq Kayani as vice chief of the army starting 8 October. When Musharraf resigned from military on 28 November 2007, Kayani became Chief of Army Staff. 2007 Elections In a March 2007 interview, Musharraf said that he intended to stay in the office for another five years. A nine-member panel of Supreme Court judges deliberated on six petitions (including Jamaat-e-Islami's, Pakistan's largest Islamic group) for disqualification of Musharraf as presidential candidate. Bhutto stated that her party may join other opposition groups, including Sharif's. On 28 September 2007, in a 6–3 vote, Judge Rana Bhagwandas's court removed obstacles to Musharraf's election bid. Impeachment movement and resignation On 7 August 2008, the Pakistan Peoples Party and the Pakistan Muslim League (N) agreed to force Musharraf to step down and begin his impeachment. Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif announced sending a formal request or joint charge sheet that he step down, and impeach him through parliamentary process upon refusal. Musharraf refused to step down. A charge-sheet had been drafted, and was to be presented to parliament. It included Mr Musharraf’s first seizure of power in 1999—at the expense of Nawaz Sharif, the PML(N)’s leader, whom Mr Musharraf imprisoned and exiled—and his second last November, when he declared an emergency as a means to get re-elected president. The charge-sheet also listed some of Mr Musharraf’s contributions to the “war on terror”. Musharraf delayed his departure for the Beijing Olympics, by a day. On 11 August, the government summoned the national assembly. On 18 August 2008, Musharraf resigned. On 19 August, he defended his nine-year rule in an hour-long speech. Exile Academia After his resignation, Musharraf went for a pilgrimage to Mecca. He then went on a lucrative speaking tour through the Middle East, Europe, and United States. Chicago-based Embark LLC was one of the international public-relations firms trying to land Musharraf as a highly paid keynote speaker. According to Embark President David B. Wheeler, the speaking fee for Musharraf would be in the $150,000–200,000 range for a day plus jet and other V.I.P. arrangements on the ground. In 2011, he also lectured at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace on politics and racism. Return to politics Since quitting politics in 2008, Musharraf has been in London since 24 November 2008 in self-imposed exile. Musharraf launched his own political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League, in June 2010. On 1 October 2010, Musharraf officially launched his political party as a President of the party, All Pakistan Muslim League. Since the start of 2011, news has been circulating that Musharraf will return to Pakistan before the next national elections. He himself has vowed this in several interviews. On Piers Morgan Tonight, Musharraf announced his plans to return to Pakistan on 23 March 2012 in order to seek the Presidency in 2013. Legal problems The PML-N has tried to get Pervez Musharraf to stand trial in an article 6 trial for treason in relation to the emergency on 3 November 2007. The Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gilani has said a consensus resolution is required in national assembly for an article 6 trial of Pervez Musharraf “I have no love lost for Musharraf ... if parliament decides to try him, I will be with parliament. Article 6 cannot be applied to one individual ... those who supported him are today in my cabinet and some of them have also joined the PML-N ... the MMA, the MQM and the PML-Q supported him ... this is why I have said that it is not doable,” said the Prime Minister while informally talking to editors and also replying to questions by journalists at an Iftar-dinner he had hosted for them. Meanwhile, Proclamation of Emergency and Revocation is the constitutional right of the President of Pakistan, according to the constitution of Pakistan, Article 232 and Article 236. On 15 February 2008, the Supreme Court has delivered detailed judgement to validate the Proclamation of Emergency on 3 November 2007, the Provisional Constitution Order No 1 of 2007 and the Oath of Office (Judges) Order, 2007. Saudi Arabia has agreements in place to stop any article 6 trial in Pakistan in relation to Pervez Musharraf due to Saudi Arabia's long standing friendship with all of the political parties in Pakistan. Sharif is under tremendous pressure from Saudi Arabia to shun his demand for Musharraf’s trial under the Article Six of the Constitution Abbottabad's district and sessions judge in a missing person's case passed judgment asking the authorities to declare Pervez Musharraf a proclaimed offender. On 11 February 2011 the Anti Terrorism Court, issued an arrest warrant for Musharraf and charged him with conspiracy to commit murder of Benazir Bhutto. On 8 March 2011, the Sindh High Court registered treason charges against him. Views Regarding the Lahore attack on Sri Lankan players, Musharraf criticised the police commandos' inability to kill any of the gunmen, saying "If this was the elite force I would expect them to have shot down those people who attacked them, the reaction, their training should be on a level that if anyone shoots toward the company they are guarding, in less than three seconds they should shoot the man down." Regarding Blasphemy law in Pakistan, Musharraf cited that Pakistani nation is sensitive to religious issues and the Blasphemy law should stay. He also warned of a new military coup[168] and said the military must play a bigger role in order to gain stability in Pakistan. Personal life Musharraf is the second son with two brothers – Javed and Naved. Javed retired as a high grade officer in Pakistan's civil service. Naved is an anaesthetist who has lived in Chicago since his medical residency at Cook County Hospital in 1956. Naved is married to Salma Shuja and has two sons. Musharraf married Sehba on 28 December 1968. Sehba is from Karachi. They have a daughter, Ayla, and a son, Bilal. He named Bilal after a close friend that died in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Bilal trained as an actuary in Boston and subsequently went into the education sector after completing his MBA and MA in Education from Stanford University. Bilal is married to Irum Aftab and has a son and daughter. Ayla is an architect married to film director Asim Raza and has two daughters Mariam and Zainab. Musharraf published his autobiography — In the Line of Fire: A Memoir — in 2006. As President, he had two Pekingese pet dogs. He enjoys listening to Pakistani classical music.